Download E-books A House of Many Mansions: The History of Lebanon Reconsidered PDF

Today Lebanon is among the world's so much divided international locations. yet satirically the faction-ridden Lebanese, either Christians and Muslims, have by no means proven a keener cognizance of universal id. How can this be? within the mild of recent scholarship, a recognized Lebanese author and pupil examines the historic myths on which his country's warring groups have established their conflicting visions of the Lebanese kingdom. He exhibits that Lebanon can't have the funds for this divisiveness, that during order to boost and keep a feeling of political harmony, it truly is necesary to distinuish truth from fiction after which construct on what's genuine within the universal adventure of either groups.

Salibi deals a big reinterpretation of Lebanese heritage and offers impressive insights into the dynamic of Lebanon's contemporary clash. In so doing, he illuminates vital aspects of his country's current and destiny. This publication additionally provides a masterly account of ways the imagined groups that underlie smooth nationalism are created and may be of curiosity to scholars of overseas affairs in addition to close to japanese scholars.

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Download E-books Into the Long War: Oxford Research Group International Security Report 2006 PDF

By Paul Rogers

Iraq stands at the fringe of civil warfare. As sectarian killings strengthen, and troops develop into extra deeply entrenched, is there any prospect of an go out approach? prime protection professional Paul Rogers examines occasions in Iraq given that may possibly 2005 and the way they effect on different international locations together with Afghanistan, Iran and the broader center East.

Bringing jointly the large research of the popular Oxford examine workforce, the ebook charts a tumultuous interval within the clash, together with a much wider overseas point of view at the terrorist assaults in London and Sharm al Sheik, and an evaluation of the way US public opinion has replaced because the struggle drags on.

Tackling occasions in chronological order, Rogers bargains a transparent and compelling account of an invasion that used to be intended to take a question of weeks -- and that now threatens to engulf a complete sector for a few years to come.

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Download E-books Cultural Heritage in the Arabian Peninsula: Debates, Discourses and Practices PDF

By Karen Exell, Trinidad Rico

History initiatives within the Arabian Peninsula are constructing speedily. Museums and history websites are symbols of moving nationwide identities, and a fashion of putting the Arabian Peninsula states at the overseas map. worldwide, i.e. Western, historical past criteria and practices were utilised for the fast injection of history services in museum improvement and placement administration and for overseas attractiveness. using Western history versions within the Arabian Peninsula evokes key components for learn which this ebook examines: the obscuring of indigenous recommendations and practices of background and expressions of cultural identification; and the tensions among local/community options of historical past and identification and the recent nationwide identities being built via museums and history websites at a country point.

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Download E-books Routledge Revivals: Medieval Islamic Civilization (2006): An Encyclopedia - Volume II (Routledge Revivals: Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages) (Volume 11) PDF

By Josef Meri

Islamic civilization flourished within the heart a while throughout an unlimited geographical sector that spans brand new center and close to East.

First released in 2006, Medieval Islamic Civilization examines the socio-cultural background of the areas the place Islam took carry among the seventh and sixteenth centuries. this significant two-volume paintings includes over seven-hundred alphabetically prepared entries, contributed and signed by means of foreign students and specialists in fields reminiscent of Arabic languages, Arabic literature, structure, historical past of technological know-how, Islamic arts, Islamic reviews, heart japanese reviews, close to japanese reports, politics, faith, Semitic reports, theology, and extra. Entries additionally discover the significance of interfaith family and the permeation of individuals, rules, and gadgets throughout geographical and highbrow limitations among Europe and the Islamic world.

This reference paintings offers an exhaustive and vibrant portrait of Islamic civilization and brings jointly in a single authoritative textual content all points of Islamic civilization throughout the heart a long time. obtainable to students, scholars and non-specialists, this source should be of significant use in learn and figuring out of the roots of ultra-modern Islamic society in addition to the wealthy and shiny tradition of medieval Islamic civilization.

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Download E-books Iraq from Monarchy to Tyranny: From the Hashemites to the Rise of Saddam PDF

By Michael Eppel

 

This well timed ebook analyzes the political occasions in Iraq that gave upward push to at least one of the main brutal and complicated regimes of the trendy era. Analyzing the country's background from 1941 to the Ba'ath Party's takeover of the govt. in 1968, Michael Eppel re-creates the family, social, and ideological weather that resulted in the institution of Saddam Hussein's despotic keep watch over of Iraq in 1979.

 

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Download E-books Why Intelligence Fails: Lessons from the Iranian Revolution and the Iraq War (Cornell Studies in Security Affairs) PDF

The U.S. govt spends huge, immense assets every year at the amassing and research of intelligence, but the heritage of yank overseas coverage is plagued by missteps and misunderstandings that experience resulted from intelligence disasters. In Why Intelligence Fails, Robert Jervis examines the politics and psychology of 2 of the extra awesome intelligence disasters in contemporary reminiscence: the flawed trust that the regime of the Shah in Iran used to be safe and strong in 1978, and the declare that Iraq had lively WMD courses in 2002.

The Iran case is predicated on a lately declassified file Jervis used to be commissioned to adopt through CIA thirty years in the past and comprises memoranda written by means of CIA officers based on Jervis's findings. The Iraq case, additionally grounded in a assessment of the intelligence community's functionality, relies on shut readings of either labeled and declassified records, although Jervis's conclusions are fullyyt supported via proof that has been declassified. In either circumstances, Jervis unearths not just that intelligence was once badly incorrect but in addition that later explanations―analysts have been bowing to political strain and telling the White condo what it desired to pay attention or have been willfully blind―were additionally mistaken. Proponents of those motives claimed that preliminary mistakes have been compounded by means of groupthink, loss of coordination in the executive, and failure to percentage details. coverage prescriptions, together with the new institution of a Director of nationwide Intelligence, have been speculated to treatment the situation.

In Jervis's estimation, neither the reasons nor the prescriptions are enough. The inferences that intelligence drew have been really really believable given the data to be had. error arose, he concludes, from inadequate consciousness to the ways that info may be amassed and interpreted, a scarcity of self-awareness in regards to the components that ended in the judgments, and an organizational tradition that didn't explore for weaknesses and discover choices. comparing the inherent tensions among the tools and goals of intelligence group of workers and policymakers from a distinct insider's standpoint, Jervis forcefully criticizes fresh proposals for making improvements to the functionality of the intelligence neighborhood and discusses ways that destiny research could be improved.

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Download E-books Playing the Game: Western Women in Arabia PDF

By Penelope Tuson

The striking Gertrude Bell, Freya Stark, Rosetta Forbes and Mary Curzon are the simplest identified protagonists during this heritage and biography of the Western ladies who lived, labored and travelled in Arabia within the first half the 20 th century. mostly overlooked by means of historians, they have been occasionally flamboyant and unconventional, occasionally conservative and conformist - and them all desired to join British imperial existence. a few have been ready to 'play the game', others, just like the American missionaries whose tales are informed the following, weren't and have been considered as tough and unsafe. Playing the Game explores how they negotiated energy and place within the Empire. It unearths how traditional girl roles have been outlined via the masculine tradition of imperial authority and the way whereas from time to time those girls actively colluded with this, at others they effectively subverted the stereotypes.

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Download E-books A History of the Crusades, Volume V: The Impact of the Crusades on the Near East PDF

By Kenneth M. Setton, Norman P. Zacour, Harry W. Hazard

The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the heritage, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.

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Download E-books The Occupation of Iraq: Winning the War, Losing the Peace PDF

By Ali A. Allawi

Involved for over thirty years within the politics of Iraq, Ali A. Allawi used to be a long-time competition chief opposed to the Baathist regime. within the post-Saddam years he has held very important executive positions and took part in the most important nationwide judgements and occasions. during this publication, the previous Minister of safety and Finance attracts on his targeted own event, vast relationships with participants of the most political teams and events in Iraq, and deep realizing of the background and society of his state to respond to the baffling questions that persist approximately its present crises. What particularly led the U.S. to invade Iraq, and why have occasions did not spread as planned?
The career of Iraq examines what the USA did and didn’t comprehend on the time of the invasion, the explanations for the pressured and contradictory rules that have been enacted, and the emergence of the Iraqi political classification in the course of the tough transition technique. The publication tracks the expansion of the insurgency and illuminates the complicated relationships between Sunnis, Shias, and Kurds. Bringing the dialogue ahead to the reconfiguration of political forces in 2006, Allawi offers in those pages the clearest view to this point of the trendy historical past of Iraq and the invasion that modified its direction in unexpected ways.

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