Download E-books Landscape and Englishness (Spatial Practices 1) (Spatial Practices: An Interdisciplinary Series Cultural Hist) PDF

By Robert Burden; Stephan Kohl (Eds.)

Within the papers gathered during this, the 1st quantity of the Spatial Practices sequence, Englishness is mirrored within the areas it occupies or dwells in. largely encouraged via a renewed and becoming curiosity in questions of cultural identification, its emergence in Victorian theories and fictions of nationality, and the recent cultural geography, the papers hide a wealthy number of areas and locations which were appropriated for cultural meanings: the agricultural nation-state and farmland of the house Counties within the early 19th century as Arcadian idyll in Cobbett, because the land to die for in conflict propaganda, and as nostalgia for a unified, natural English tradition in Lawrence, Morton and Priestley’s shuttle writing, but additionally within the Shell vacationer courses to motoring in rural England; English moorland; the sacred geographies of monuments in Hardy and others; the normal seashore deconstructed in Martin Parr’s images, and the ocean as English Victorian imperial territory and its symbolic breezes in Froude’s trip writing. The English panorama can be a paradigm for the outline of alternative areas in D. H. Lawrence’s commute writing or for the colonial territory itself in Rushdie’s writing India, a displacement of different landscapes. This number of papers examines the idea that structures of rural England give you the foundation for an knowing of Englishness. Contents: The Spatial Practices sequence Notes on individuals Robert BURDEN: advent: Englishness and Spatial Practices concept Chris THURGAR-DAWSON: Negotiating Englishness: Choropoetics, Reciprocal Spatial Realities and Holistic Spatial Semantics in William Renton’s ‘The Fork of the line’ (1876) Christoph SCHUBERT: The Vertical Axis in panorama Description: gildings of the picture Schemas UP and DOWN nineteenth Century and sooner than Ralph PORDZIK: England’s family Others: The vacationer development of Agriculture and panorama in William Cobbett’s Rural Rides (1830) Patrick PARRINDER: personality, id, and Nationality within the English Novel Bernhard KLEIN: “The typical domestic of Englishmen”: Froude’s Oceana and the Writing of the ocean Silvia MERGENTHAL: “The structure of the Devil”: Stonehenge, Englishness, English Fiction twentieth Century Robert BURDEN: domestic options from out of the country: Cultural distinction and the Critique of Modernity in D. H. Lawrence’s Twilight in Italy (1916) and different go back and forth Writing Ben KNIGHTS: looking for England: Travelogue and kingdom among the Wars Stephan KOHL: Rural England: An Invention of the Motor Industries? Christine BERBERICH: This eco-friendly and delightful Land: Cultural structures of Englishness modern Merle TÖNNIES: Foregrounding Boundary Zones: Martin Parr’s Photographic (De-) structures of Englishness Ruth HELYER: “England as a natural, white Palladian mansion set upon a hill above a silver winding river”: Fiction’s replacement Histories

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Download E-books On Chinese Modal Particle A (): A Pragmatic and Semantic Study PDF

By Ying Xian Wang

Chinese language modal debris function prominently in chinese language people’s day-by-day use of the language, yet their pragmatic and semantic services are elusive as normally known by way of chinese language linguists and academics of chinese language as a overseas language. This ebook originates from an intensive and extensive empirical examine of the chinese language modal particle a (), probably the most often used modal debris in Mandarin chinese language. with a purpose to catch all of the makes use of and the underlying meanings of the particle, the writer transcribed the 1st 20 episodes, approximately 20 hours in size, of the preferred chinese language television drama sequence Kewang ‘Expectations’, which yielded a corpus info of greater than 142’000 chinese language characters with a complete of 1829 cases of the particle all utilized in significant communicative events. inside its context of use, each prevalence of the particle used to be analysed when it comes to its pragmatic and semantic contributions to the internet hosting utterance. Upon this foundation the center meanings have been pointed out that have been noticeable as constituting the modal nature of the particle.

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Download E-books Phonological Analysis, A Functional Approach PDF

By Donald Burquest

Human language is a awesome phenomenon. Its learn is still a resource of fascination and enjoyment. Dr. Donald Burquest, professor of linguistics on the collage of Texas at Arlington, built this foundational textbook in the course of years of aiding scholars conquer the sentiments of dismay that new phonology scholars adventure while faced by means of a mass of uncooked phonetic information. whereas operating during the fabric, the coed is led in the course of the steps of organizing info and is brought to specific theories for later in-depth specialization.

In the second one variation the writer improved at the first version of this article by means of including introductions to Autosegmental Phonology and Metrical Phonology. He has additionally integrated a chain of difficulties on the finish of such a lot chapters that offer a chance for the scholar to use the knowledge in that bankruptcy. This current version contains a number of minor revisions and has a better topic index.

This textbook is meant to be used in an higher department introductory direction in phonology, getting ready the coed to additional examine points of present theory.

Table of Contents

Preface to the 3rd Edition
Preface to the second one Edition
Preface to the 1st Edition

  1. Preliminaries to Analysis
  2. 1.1 where of phonology in linguistics
    1.2 Foundational principles
    1.3 Phonological features
    1.4 Excursus on redundancy
    1.5 Excursus on rule formalisms

  3. Phonemic Analysis
  4. 2.1 simple innovations in phonemic analysis
    2.2 techniques for phonemic analysis
    2.3 The technique applied
    2.4 Phonological universals: Vowel and consonant systems
    2.5 settling on phonetically related segments
    2.6 loose variation
    2.7 Phonotactics, neutralization, and underspecification
    2.8 Problems

  5. Morphophonemics
  6. 3.1 Phonologically conditioned alternations
    3.2 Lexical alternations
    3.3 Morphologically conditioned alternations
    3.4 Phonological illustration and rules
    3.5 Analytical technique and morphophonemics
    3.6 Case studies
    3.7 Positing underlying representations
    3.8 Problems

4-6 normal Phonological Processes

  1. Conditioning by way of Surrounding Segments
  2. 4.1 assets of normal processes
    4.2 Assimilation
    4.3 Dissimilation
    4.4 Summary
    4.5 Problems

  3. Conditioning by way of Syllable Structure
  4. 5.1 Syllables and consonant strength
    5.2 Syllable structure
    5.3 Ambiguous segments
    5.4 Ambiguous sequences
    5.5 methods conditioned through syllable structure
    5.6 Length
    5.7 Syllable-domain phenomena and processes
    5.8 Problems

  5. Conditioning by way of higher Units
  6. 6.1 Word-level phenomena
    6.2 Utterance-level phenomena
    6.3 Problems

7-8 third-dimensional Models

  1. Autosegmental Phonology
  2. 7.1 Introduction
    7.2 The institution of autosegmental tiers
    7.3 Assimilation of 1 section to another
    7.4 tactics affecting the phonological word
    7.5 approaches affecting higher units
    7.6 Excursus at the characteristic tree
    7.7 Problems

  3. Metrical Phonology
  4. 8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Syllable structure
    8.3 Phonological feet
    8.4 Phonological words
    8.5 Extrametricality
    8.6 Epenthesis
    8.7 Interpretation of ambiguous segments
    8.8 Reduplication
    8.9 Problems

Index of Languages
Subject Index

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Download E-books The Grammar of Identity: Intensifiers and Reflexives in Germanic Languages PDF

By Volker Gast

English self-forms and similar phrases from different Germanic languages (e.g. Dutch zelf, Swedish själv, etc.) are utilized in diverse features: as ‘intensifiers’ (e.g. The president himself made the decision) and as markers of reflexivity (John criticized himself). at the foundation of a comparative syntactic and semantic research, this e-book addresses the query of why such it sounds as if diversified services will be expressed by means of a similar notice. this question is spoke back by means of displaying that either intensifying and reflexive self-forms may be analysed as expressing the concept that of ‘identity’.

In the 1st a part of The Grammar of Identity, the main critical evidence about the distribution of intensifiers in Germanic languages are surveyed and a close syntactic and semantic research is supplied. it truly is proven that each one circumstances of intensifiers may be analysed as expressions of an identification functionality. the second one a part of the ebook bargains an research of reflexive self-forms that's according to fresh theories of reflexivity, editing those in a few vital respects. specifically, the distribution of reflexive self-forms is defined just about semantic homes of the sentential atmosphere. during this method, it may be proven that reflexive self-forms – like intensifiers – should be analysed as expressions of an identification functionality. as well as offering an intensive comparative description of the hitherto poorly defined region of intensifiers in Germanic languages, this ebook bargains a solution to a protracted status query in descriptive and theoretical linguistics, specifically why self-forms are utilized in it seems that diverse features. through combining analytical equipment from syntax, lexical semantics and sentence semantics the examine in addition contributes to an realizing of the interplay among constitution, which means and context in a valuable region of lexico-grammar.

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Download E-books Hebräische Wortforschung: Festschrift zum 80. Geburtstag von Walter Baumgartner [Supplements to Vetus Testamentum, vol. XVI] PDF

By N/A

Die zweiunddreissig Mitarbeiter an dieser Festschrift aus den verschiedensten Ländern stehen nur stellvertretend für eine weit grössere Zahl von Kollegen, Freunden und Schülern, denen es ein Herzensbedürfnis ist, Ihnen, verehrter Herr Baumgartner, ihren Dank, ihre Verehrung und ihren Gluckwünsch zum achtzigsten Geburtstag auszusprechen. Und wiederum ist das Gesamtthema, unter das dieser, Band gestellt ist - die hebräische Wortforschung -, nur ein begrenzter Ausschnitt aus Ihrem vielfältigen Interessenbereich, von dem der vor zehn Jahren zum siebzigsten Geburtstag erschienene Sammelband von Aufsätzen beredtes Zeugnis ablegt.

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